Has anyone ever looked at you and said that you look like a 35-year-old woman when in fact, you are only 25? If you suffer from spots, you may probably experience this often, since these miniscule skin blemishes can cause a person to look older.
Spots, be they brown or black, are blotches on the face caused by hyperpigmentation. Hyperpigmentation is a condition in which there is an excessive production of melanin, which provides color to one’s skin and protects it from UV rays. This condition is typically harmless and it usually affects women more than men.
There are other several reasons why people get these miniscule monsters on their face, neck, and shoulders. One is sun exposure. Too much of this will lead to a rise in melanin, which could trigger the occurrence of hyperpigmentation. That’s why it is very important that you protect your skin from the sun’s harsh rays with sunscreen and sunblock. Aside from this, people get more blotches as they age. And sometimes, injuries could cause and leave dark patches on your skin.
The next culprit is known as melasma, a common skin problem faced by most women during their reproductive years. It is also caused by sun exposure, and for some, by pregnancy. The good news is that is harmless and disappears in time. However, if you are not patient and would like to treat those skin blemishes immediately, you could avail several remedies found in dermatological clinics and drugstores like laser treatment and over-the-counter drugs, respectively.
Another reason why people get these is hormonal imbalance. It could cause an abnormal production of melanin, which would then lead to hyperpigmentation. There are many factors which affect the internal balance of the body like stress, inadequate sleep, and unhealthy food intake so be mindful of these things.
The next reason has been a dilemma for most teenagers since time immemorial — pimples. Scratching or pricking could leave scars and dark spots on your face.
The aforementioned causes may seem harmless and easy to treat. However, some people acquire spots due to diseases like hemachromatosis, liver disease, Addison’s disease, and pituitary tumors. Obviously, affected people must consult a specialist to get immediate treatment and avoid further health problems.
Now, you are equipped with the vital information to avoid getting those awful skin blemishes and the knowledge on how to treat spots. So, do not stay under sun too much, always wear sunblock and sunscreen, and you’ll be beautifully spotless!